المنادى

Ism munada is when you call upon something or someone

key term- harf nida is what’s called the يا  ya

Ism munada has a few rules

First,  in general the munada is simply to call someone or something 

a detailed explanation  is that the one being called is definite and neither mudaf nor similar to a mudaf (you know who you are calling- like ya rajul- oh you, man.  not just any man

the munada is mabni on the sign of the rafa

ex.  يا زيدُ   zaid is mabni on raf’3

يا زيدان

يا زيدون

يا رجل          يا رجلان             يا رجالُ

 يا فاطمةُ     يا فاطمتان        يا فاطمات

______

يا ايها الإنسان    – Alif Lam

2. When there’s an alif lam (العهدُ الحُضُريُّ pointing to object known both to speaker and listener)  on the ism munada, then you have to add   ايُّها     or      ايتها  for female

ُيا ايها الرجل

يا ايتها المرأةُ

_______

يا بني اسرآئيل  (Idafa)

3. When calling a mudaf, the mudaf will be mansoob  with a single fatha on the end sign

ِيا عبدَ الله

يا أمةَ الله

  يا ابنَ محمد      يا ابنَيْ محمد

يا طالعاً جبلاً   —( oh you who climbs mountains)  When it’s murakkab (when it’s combined with another thing, the ism again becomes mansoob

 

____

يا بنتاً  – hey daughter (any daughter)  unspecfied calling

If the ism munada is not  marifa, for ex, there’s nobody specific who you are calling to , but you are calling for anyone who’s there it also becomes mansoob and nakira

يا رجلاً  Hey, any person there, any man خُذْ بِيَدي hold my hand.  

_______

Calling without a يا 

اللهمَّ – meem mushaddada

meem mushaddada is (humma) only on allahuma, and not applied any where else in arabic.  nor used on any other attribute/name of Allah swt.

_______

يوسفُ أعرض عن هذا

The munada part (ya) is dropped casually and only the name is said, it’s still a munada (calling someone)

_______

سنفرغ  لكم أيها الثقلان

the ya over here isn’t necessary, the أيها is enough to indicate that the Two Heavy people are being called on

optional drop-  

ربَّنا

it’s idafa, so that’s why rab is mansoob.  you can add the harf nida before it if you want.

-____

When calling ” MY ____” by adding a ي at the end    (ياء المتكلم)

There are many ways of saying it

يا أمتيْ     يا أمتيَ     with a  saakin ي     and a maftooh ي

يا أمتِ   يا أمتَ   يا أمّتا     no ya, a fatha, and a fatha with an alif for emphsasis

 

 

 

 

 

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