المنادى

Ism munada is when you call upon something or someone

key term- harf nida is what’s called the يا  ya

Ism munada has a few rules

First,  in general the munada is simply to call someone or something 

a detailed explanation  is that the one being called is definite and neither mudaf nor similar to a mudaf (you know who you are calling- like ya rajul- oh you, man.  not just any man

the munada is mabni on the sign of the rafa

ex.  يا زيدُ   zaid is mabni on raf’3

يا زيدان

يا زيدون

يا رجل          يا رجلان             يا رجالُ

 يا فاطمةُ     يا فاطمتان        يا فاطمات

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يا ايها الإنسان    – Alif Lam

2. When there’s an alif lam (العهدُ الحُضُريُّ pointing to object known both to speaker and listener)  on the ism munada, then you have to add   ايُّها     or      ايتها  for female

ُيا ايها الرجل

يا ايتها المرأةُ

_______

يا بني اسرآئيل  (Idafa)

3. When calling a mudaf, the mudaf will be mansoob  with a single fatha on the end sign

ِيا عبدَ الله

يا أمةَ الله

  يا ابنَ محمد      يا ابنَيْ محمد

يا طالعاً جبلاً   —( oh you who climbs mountains)  When it’s murakkab (when it’s combined with another thing, the ism again becomes mansoob

 

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يا بنتاً  – hey daughter (any daughter)  unspecfied calling

If the ism munada is not  marifa, for ex, there’s nobody specific who you are calling to , but you are calling for anyone who’s there it also becomes mansoob and nakira

يا رجلاً  Hey, any person there, any man خُذْ بِيَدي hold my hand.  

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Calling without a يا 

اللهمَّ – meem mushaddada

meem mushaddada is (humma) only on allahuma, and not applied any where else in arabic.  nor used on any other attribute/name of Allah swt.

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يوسفُ أعرض عن هذا

The munada part (ya) is dropped casually and only the name is said, it’s still a munada (calling someone)

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سنفرغ  لكم أيها الثقلان

the ya over here isn’t necessary, the أيها is enough to indicate that the Two Heavy people are being called on

optional drop-  

ربَّنا

it’s idafa, so that’s why rab is mansoob.  you can add the harf nida before it if you want.

-____

When calling ” MY ____” by adding a ي at the end    (ياء المتكلم)

There are many ways of saying it

يا أمتيْ     يا أمتيَ     with a  saakin ي     and a maftooh ي

يا أمتِ   يا أمتَ   يا أمّتا     no ya, a fatha, and a fatha with an alif for emphsasis

 

 

 

 

 

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جملة المعترضة / اعتراض

An intervening statement not related to the subject being discussed.

ex.  saying (sallahu alayhi wa salam) after the prophet’s name while saying his name in a sentence.

ex.  قيماً   in surah kahf ayah two

قَيِّمًا لِّيُنذِرَ بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا مِّن لَّدُنْهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا حَسَنًا ﴿٢

[He has made it] straight (the Quran) , to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a good reward

My modesty

Can my morals and free-thought culture be the flirtatious song of my voice

that brings charmed smiles

or my determination in my aspirations cause the love-struck ambitions

Can selflessness be an adornment the way

my robe generously flows around my hips

Or-When can my deep sincerity, honesty, and integrity be the exotic

blackest kohl

as my veil of identity and personality graces my eyes

Can it be that all that I’ve learned and am learning

be the gold hung around my neck and hands

And be the means of true impression and status

Or my diligence and it’s dirt of hard work on my clothes

be the satin fabric that illuminates my skin

the way my heart illuminates

all the same, from within. in full radiance, and beauty

that I can claim to be of my own

and natural